Oil Formation

Millions of years ago small animals and plants died and fell to the bottom of the sea. Their remains were covered by mud. The mud eventually turned to rock. This rock put a lot of pressure on the dead animals and plants. Rocks around them also heated them up. Together the heat and the pressure turned the remains into crude oil in the absence of Air or Oxygen. A stone that has made oil and gas thusly is known as a Reservoir Rock. Rocks above the oil were impermeable (not porous). The oil could not float upwards through these rocks and so it gets trapped underneath it. Geologists - rock scientists - can often tell where oil may be trapped. Oil companies can drill down through the impermeable rocks to get it out. They are then able to turn it into products we can use by Fractional Distillation method.

3.1 Oil Traps

3.2 Reservoir Rocks

3.3 Drillings

3.4 Fractional Distillation

3.5 Enhanced Recover Techniques

3.6 Supply and Demand

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